Παρασκευή, 20 Ιανουαρίου 2017

MICROCHIPPING SOCIETY


Microchipping Society

Regina E. Duncan, former (DARPA) Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency director and now Google Executive,  has introduced a minute, ingestible microchip that the majority population will be   expected to swallow by 2017. It is being billed as-  “A means of authentication,” Duncan calls it, which takes invasive surveillance to whole new levels. She talks of the ‘mechanical mismatch problem between machines and humans,’ and  explains the bio-chem-mechanical qualities of this exotic technology that ‘grows’ in the human body with its host retaining its structural integrity and function.microchip-1
 Declared a quantum leap for research and medicine by its exponents ,Ethicists on the other-hand identify the critical shift toward this technology as a certain extension of the removal of our freedoms and rights.    These bio-chips would not only allow full access to insurance companies and government agencies to our pharmaceutical dependency,including a host of other aspects of our everyday existence.

 
“These biochips have been described as integrated circuits like, but instead of containing tiny semiconductors, they are comprised of bits of actual DNA that make up genes or fragments of genes. Inserted in a small analytical instrument, the chips allow scientists to perform thousands of biochemical experiments at a fraction of the cost and time required for traditional tests.”
microchip-2With bio-tech’s track record of hybridizing genes in our food and then patenting the end product, so that they literally control and own the food supply, this technology will allow full access to our entire genetic makeup? With a satellite or the click of a button, these tiny micro-chips could contain accelerated aging triggers or cancer causing material that could be ‘switched-on’, or entire immune systems could be shut down. Electronic pulses could be emitted from these device which control parts of our brain that could paralyze whole populations or simply control our cravings.
What should send alarm bells through the free community is the fact that micro-chipping has been considered in health care bills:
“This new Health Care (Obamacare) law requires an RFID chip implanted in all of us. This chip will not only contain your personal information with tracking capability but it will also be linked to your bank account. Page 1004 of the new law (dictating the timing of this chip), states: ‘Not later than 36 months after the date of the enactment”. It is now the law of the land that by March 23rd 2013 we will all be required to have an RFID chip underneath our skin and this chip will be linked to our bank accounts as well as have our personal records and tracking capability built into it…’”
The idea is not new – Dr. Jose M.R. Delgado, Director of microchip-4Neuro-psychiatry Yale University Medical School Congressional Record, No. 26, Vol. 118 February 24, 1974 discusses it extensively in a paper in which he states, “Man does not have the right to develop his own mind. This kind of liberal orientation has great appeal. We must electrically control the brain. Some day armies and generals will be controlled by electric stimulation of the brain.”
microchip-3This is the mentality  of mind that is creating racially specific genetic warfare in the form of GMOs, chemtrails, and vaccines? That allow isolated targeting of entire populations for genocidal purposes.  The parameters of these weapons can be calibrated or fine tuned to encompass certain age groups, races, diets and so forth.

ΤΗΕ ΨΟΜΙΝΓ ΣΘΠΕΡ ΨΘΡΡΕΝΨΥ


The Coming Super Currency

There has been a lot made about the ‘cashless society’ in media, which can’t be achieved until there is a cashless currency.  The  World Bank’s former chief economist wants to replace the US dollar with a single global super-currency, saying it will create a more stable global financial system. The reliance on the American Petro-dollar is at the heart of global financial and economic crises. An alternative to this is to replace national currencies with a global currency.
CurrencyThe ideal of a global “super currency” attached to a family of support currencies has been discussed and endorsed  by world leaders who claim a super currency could also be tied to a single currency, but the interdependence of world financial markets and concerns about the volatility that can occur as a result of the system being tied to one currency have prevented this idea from reaching fruition.
It is doubtful that a super currency would protect the global financial system against breakdowns such as the 2008 downturn which plunged the world economy into its most dangerous crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s. Flexible exchange rates provide a useful shock absorption mechanism,  for emerging market economies.Detractors however claim financial regulation and improved global governance, along with better fiscal and structural policies, would go much further than a single currency in enhancing global financial stability.
Every social innovation needs a  crisis to ferment. bitcoin-2The cashless revolution is no different. The global financial meltdown has been orchestrated  by the  private central banks through the expansion and contraction of the money supply.  The Dollar or Euro collapse will trigger a global economic crisis, which is a prime opportunity to introduce  a centralised money system.  The creation of a new “super-sovereign reserve currency” to replace the dollar “disconnected from individual nations” and “able to remain stable in the long run” would benefit the global financial system more than current reliance on the dollar.
In the summer of 2012, as the European Central Bank (ECB) collapsed the Greek economy, financial expert Max Keiser, alongside Mexican billionaire Hugo Salinas Price, travelled to Athens to promote the idea of a silver Drachma as a parallel currency to the faltering Euro. This parallel currency was ‘sound money’ for individual Greeks and would allow them to retain control of their financial destiny, and to accumulate real wealth. The idea should have caught on, bitcoinbut was quashed by the financial elites loyal to the ECB, Wall Street and the City of London. People in general however are ignorant to how money is created, circulated, and the control of inflation by the  private central banks.
The US Dollar is a fiat currency that derives its value from government regulation or law. It is an oil-backed currency and it is on its way to losing its long-lived status as the world’s reserve currency. China is moving towards a gold-backed currency and has already agreed to buy the majority of its oil supply from Russia off of the US Dollar peg. This could mean two things: the US could be forced to fight a war to maintain Dollar supremacy, or the Dollar will begin to drop as the top dog. This shift will open up a window of opportunity for money masters to insert not only a brand new global currency, but also its universal cashless attributes as well.amero-2
Common sense and free market wisdom would expect to see a sound money option replace the current fiat disaster, but as we saw in Greece, a great solution was not taken up and straddled with the dysfunctional Euro, and that society will continue to pay the cost of that reality.
Fiat_MoneyArguments in favor of a global currency resurfaced during October’s US budget impasse, which forced the government to shut down.  Creating a new international reserve currency to replace reliance on the American Dollar, would prevent government gridlock in Washington from affecting the rest of the world. The Euro crisis was a great opportunity to throw out the Euro in favour of something that could create wealth, rather than debt. As the fiat currencies continue to slide downhill, globalists are preparing their solution behind closed doors.

30 VACCINES SILICON OIL OR MIRACLE CURE-ALL


3D Vaccines: Silicon Snake oil or Miracle Cure-all

novartis-vaccinesWhat happens when you add Medicine, Transhumanism, Nanotechnology, 3-D Vaccines, SEAS, MSR’s, Dendritic cells, HIV, Ebola, Cancer, and Mesoporous Silica, to the subject of Immunology and what does Wyss Institute Founding Director Donald Ingber, M.D., Ph.D. have to say about it?
As Medicine speeds headlong ever quicker into the Trans-human age, the line between vaccines and Nanotechnology becomes tenuously thin . Particles 100,000 times smaller than the width of a human hair, that are programmable, spontaneously assembling and can access every conceivable fibre of the body, including a placenta are becoming the miracle cure-all of the near future.
Donald Ingber, M.D.
Donald Ingber, M.D.
Enter the development by Scientific Research of “on demand” nano-vaccines using genetically engineered proteins. This development has made it now possible to produce the effect of nano medicine with larger objects. That is, a non-surgical, injectable and spontaneously assembling structure. For example something like a constant 3-D vaccine in the form of a particle cluster injected beneath the skin. One that would manipulate cells, as well as release bio-chemical drug constituents. Sound implausible? -Trials have already been completed on mice.
The Wyss institutes 'Lung on a microchip'
The Wyss institutes ‘Lung on a microchip’
Researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering and Harvard’s School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) are in the process of developing Injectable, spontaneously assembling, inorganic scaffolds that modulate immune cells in vivo to increase vaccine efficacy.
This technology will allow for the creation of 3D structures using minimally invasive delivery to enrich and activate a host’s immune cells to target and attack harmful cells in vivo. Nano-sized mesoporous silica particles have already been established as useful for manipulating individual cells from the inside, but this is the first time that larger particles, in the micron-sized range, are used to create a 3D in vivo scaffold that can recruit and attract tens of millions of immune cells.
Known as MSRs or mesoporous silica rods, miniscule biodegradable
The Smallpox virus
The Smallpox virus
rod-like structures made from silica, , can be charged with biological and chemical drug components and then delivered by needle just below the skin. The rods spontaneously assemble at the vaccination point to form a three-dimensional scaffold. When a harmful presence is detected, surveillance cells that monitor the body and trigger an immune response pass through the porous spaces in the stack of MSRs that are large enough to recruit and fill up with dendritic cells. Synthesized in the lab, the MSRs are built with small holes, known as nano-pores, inside. The nano-pores can be filled with specific cytokines, oligonucleotides, large protein antigens, or any variety of drugs of interest to allow a vast number of possible combinations to treat a range of infections.
Once the drugs contained in the MSRs are released, which initiates
3D-Printed-Vaccine
3D-Printed-Vaccine
an immune response, the activated dendritic cells leave the scaffold and travel to the lymph nodes, where they raise alarm and direct the body’s immune system to attack the offending cells, such as cancerous cells. At the site of the injection, the MSRs biodegrade and dissolve naturally within a few months. By tuning the surface properties and pore size of the MSRs Researchers hope to also manipulate the immune system and control the introduction and release of various proteins and drugs by proxy.
Using this technology makes the manufacture of these vaccines relatively easily and rapidly so that they could potentially be widely available very quickly in the event of an emerging pandemic. The usefulness and practicality of these 3D vaccines is in their mobility their injectable nature makes them easy to administer both inside the operating environment and outside in the field.
Ebola
Ebola
Could the Cure for indiscriminate worldwide killers like HIV, Ebola and cancers lay in the promise of Nano-technology, and is the cost of this miracle cure-all the robotization of the human body. Is Trans-humanism, amalgamation and symbiosis between the natural and mechanical world the only future for Humanity? -Modern Medicine thinks so. As Wyss Institute Founding Director Donald Ingber, M.D., Ph.D. says. “These injectable 3D vaccines offer a minimally invasive and scalable way to deliver therapies that work by mimicking the body’s own powerful immune-response in diseases that have previously been able to skirt immune detection.” But isn’t this what a healthy diet, regular exercise, purified drinking water, clean air do?

BANKING SECTOR BOUNCEBANK HELPS EUROPEAN...........



Banking sector bounceback helps European stock markets recover after share collapse sparked fears of a new financial meltdown 

A bounce back in the banking sector helped European stock markets rally higher after recent heavy losses.
London's FTSE 100 Index rose 1 per cent, up 58.8 points to 5691, while indices in France and Germany were also staging a rebound, with the Cac 40 and Dax up more than 2 per cent.
Banking stocks were fighting back after sharp falls in the previous two sessions amid fears of an impending crisis as investors fretted over the sector's ability to withstand slower global growth.
German banking giant Deutsche Bank, which saw shares fall to a 30-year low on Tuesday, surged as much as 17 per cent on cheer over reports it is looking to boost its balance sheet strength.
Shares in German banking giant Deutsche Bank surged 17 per cent today as the sector helped European stock markets rally higher after recent heavy losses
Shares in German banking giant Deutsche Bank surged 17 per cent today as the sector helped European stock markets rally higher after recent heavy losses
Global sell-off: The numbers are eye-watering and have left investors wondering just how serious this is
Global sell-off: The numbers are eye-watering and have left investors wondering just how serious this is
The group is said to be considering launching an emergency bond buyback, just a day after its boss assured its balance sheet was 'rock solid'.
London-listed banks were also making gains, with Barclays lifting 3 per cent, or 4.3p to 160.6p, Royal Bank of Scotland up 6.6p to 232.2p and HSBC 8.2p ahead to 440.7p.
Other financial stocks were also on the front foot, with insurer Prudential leading the FTSE 100 higher with a rise of 7 per cent, or 74p to 1200p.
The wider market gains come after the FTSE 100 sunk to its lowest close for over three years on Tuesday. 
Since the start of the year, Credit Suisse has lost 40 per cent of its value, UBS is down almost 30 per cent, and French giant Societe Generale has lost around 31 per cent.
On Wall Street, Citigroup has dropped by more than 27 per cent, Bank of America is down by almost 28 per cent, and Morgan Stanley has shed almost 25 per cent.
In Britain, the biggest banks have seen more than £40billion wiped off their value since the start of the year, in a major blow for investors and pension savers.
Shares in HSBC have fallen by a fifth to levels which have not been seen since the depths of the financial crisis in 2009.  
While British savers are understandably nervous about the collapse in UK bank stocks, it is the ailing fortunes of Deutsche Bank that have provided perhaps the greatest concern for financial markets.
Reassurance: German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble said he had 'no concerns' about Deutsche Bank
Reassurance: German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble said he had 'no concerns' about Deutsche Bank
Germany’s biggest bank, which is led by Yorkshireman John Cryan and employs around 8,000 people in London, is at the centre of the latest shock to the banking system.
Amid the carnage, Cryan and German finance minister Wolfgang Schaeuble did their best to allay fears. Deutsche is ‘absolutely rock solid’ and will be able to pay its legal costs, Cryan wrote in a letter to Deutsche employees.
Meanwhile, Schaeuble told news agency Bloomberg: ‘No, I have no concerns about Deutsche Bank’, although he did not elaborate on his comments.
For some, however, any reassurance from a finance minister about the health of a company is a cause for alarm rather than comfort. 
Stocks shrugged off disappointing UK economic figures showing UK industrial production suffered its worst monthly performance since 2012 in December.
The Office for National Statistics said industrial production fell by 1.1 per cent during December, which left the sector nursing a 0.5 per cent drop in the final quarter as record mild winter weather hit demand for energy.
Sentiment was helped as oil prices edged higher, with Brent Crude at just under $31 a barrel.
Among stocks, model rail firm Hornby saw its stock market value more than halve after it warned over mounting losses following 'disappointing' new year trading.
The group now expects to post 'substantially' wider underlying pre-tax losses for the full year, at between £5.5m to £6m and revealed a £1m write-off after reviewing its stock and balance sheet.
Shares plunged 52 per cent, or 42.3p to 38.8p.
Elsewhere, the owner of Pinewood Studios – home to the James Bond and Star Wars films – saw shares surge 19 per cent as it said the business could be sold to 'maximise value' for shareholders.
Pinewood Group has appointed invest

INDIA 'S NGO RACKET OF HUMAN TRAFICKING


India's NGO racket of human traficking

Dramatic scandals routinely fill India’s media headlines about some poor victim from a remote area being exploited by upper strata Delhi elites. Yet there is no investigative journalism to uncover the inconvenient facts about certain NGOs that operate what amounts to a human trafficking industry. One reason for this conspiracy of silence is that the traffickers are linked with some politically connected NGOs that make noises in the metros ostensibly on behalf of the victims. In reality the noise made serves to cover up the sinister role of NGOs in this industry that brings Christianity to the remote villages in exchange for maids to Delhi.

The elaborate scheme works as follows. Christian missionaries in adivasi (indigenous, “tribal”) areas offer poor families an inducement that is hard to resist: If the family converts to Christianity, one of its young daughters will be sent as a domestic servant to Delhi or another metro.

The affiliated “agencies” in the metros collect placement fees up to Rs 50,000 per maid from the household that hires them. In between the point of “recruitment” and the point of placement there are intermediaries that “sell”, transfer and move the young, vulnerable person through the supply chain. Money is exchanged at each stage.

The agencies keep relocating the same girl from one employer to another every few months in order to collect their placement fee repeatedly. This disruption adds to the trauma of the young girl. The agency becomes, by default, her only hope of security, and in the process she becomes even more vulnerable to the agency’s exploitation. Delhi alone is estimated to have several thousands of such girls being brought every year.

The cultural gap between India’s adivasis and its metro elites is larger in many ways than the gap between people living in Delhi and New York. The victim often gets duped into thinking that she is headed for the good life of an Indian metro, and her parents are often hand in glove in selling her into such a scheme. The money given to the parents is a “down payment” to convert them, their daughter’s placement as maid being part of the transaction. Many churches also provide safe transfer of the girl’s monthly salary back to her parents, with a certain “donation” charged by the church for its services. All this is a package deal for “being saved”.

This end-to-end system functions like the old slave trade from Africa to America and other continents — in which the church had also played a major role. Today’s racket hides behind the mask of helping the downtrodden by finding them employment in a faraway place. By no means do I wish to imply that all abuses of maids from villages are the result of this system, but that fact that such a system exists outside the bounds of investigative scrutiny is noteworthy.

In the most recent episode of this tragedy, a woman executive working for a French multinational in Delhi has been arrested on charges of committing atrocities against a girl from the Santhal tribe of Jharkhand state. The maid comes from Sahibgunj, one of India’s poorest districts. The media is having a field day sensationalising this as child labour, even after the police confirmed that documents in her village show her to be over the age of 18. The girl had worked for this executive for only 3 months, prior to which she had worked in numerous other households in Delhi since age 15. So the child labour stage of her exploitation was done under several previous employers. But there is no investigation of the previous employers. Why?

The reason for authorities not pursuing the earlier employers is that the girl is a Christian convert from a very poor family; and uncovering the entire chain of events and parties involved would expose the nexus of the Jharkhand church, the political parties that use these poor folks as their vote bank, and various NGOs involved in so-called “human rights” programs. The placement agency in Delhi is run by a Christian woman with likely links to the Jharkhand Church. The media sensationalises the matter as an isolated, localised episode when in fact it deserves to be investigated as a system of mafia-like underground network.

Brinda Karat, the rabid voice of the Communist Party of India, swung into rapid action targeting the maid’s employer, but not wanting a broader inquiry into the supply network that originates in the remote villages where her party seeks support from the church and NGOs.

Many other political leaders also saw opportunity in this scandal to show support for dalit communities whose votes can swing elections. These remote villages are also infested with Maoists seeking to topple the Indian state. The political stakes are high and NGOs compete to prove their worth by claiming to champion the plight of the poor. The same NGOs also raise funds under various “noble” pretexts.

The media ought to act more responsibly than selling us Bollywood-style action drama. To expose the large criminal networks and attack the roots of the problem, they should emphasize some systemic changes. First and foremost, it should be declared illegal to offer employment or other material inducements for religious conversion of poor and vulnerable persons. In particular, the church, parents and agencies that are involved in peddling the labor of a person under age 18 should be prosecuted. This is the nexus where the focus of prosecution should be targeted when incidents of abuse are discovered.

At the same time, one should recognise the legitimate need for domestic servants in Indian metros. To serve this demand, agencies should have to be certified periodically that they are in compliance with all laws. This must include transparency of disclosure of the full details concerning every employee and employer served. There must be a mechanism by which the legal age of a potential maid can be formally ascertained and the agency must bear this burden prior to offering her as a candidate. All commissions and salary payments must be legalised.

The media must start educating the metro employers about the laws concerning minimum wages and others aspects. Right now most Delhi households lack such awareness, as the media has focused on sensationalism without its shouldering social responsibility or due diligence.

There are also many instances of exploitation in the reverse direction that should be noted: Elderly persons in Delhi are too often being criminally attacked by their domestic servants who threaten legal action with the help of NGOs, and thereby prevent the crime from being reported. I know of cases where a youth gang has repeatedly burglarised the house of an elderly woman living alone. The police have been reluctant to file charges because of the threat by NGOs that these youth criminals are protected as “minors”. This means tougher juvenile crime laws need to be enacted and enforced.

I have anticipated such NGO-backed crimes within India since the 1990s when I first became aware of foreign nexuses intervening in India’s so-called tribal areas. It was a Harvard Roundtable Conference on Indology sponsored by Infinity foundation where I found that Western scholars had become very interested in Indian communities belonging to the “Munda” family of languages. The thesis formulated was that the Munda people were the only indigenous peoples of India. They were first invaded by the “foreign Dravidians” coming from the Middle East, and later on both the Munda and the Dravidians got invaded by the “foreign Aryans”. Thus, Indians were classified into layers with the intention of empowering one group against the others. In my earlier book, Breaking India, I mention some important US based interventions through this type of anthropology and linguistics work.

The Santhal community where the maid in the latest scandal comes from is one of the largest communities in what is called India’s “tribal belt”. Most anthropological studies on them were done by Christian missionaries since British times. The colonial-evangelical lens used was the same as for other non-Christian peoples that were encountered outside Europe, and many of its prejudices have become accepted by modern Indians. The “tribals” are considered “pagans” because they believe in “animism”, meaning that they consider all of nature as inhabited with divine spirit. (Ironically, the latest trend among Western thinkers is to appropriate these very ideas into Judeo-Christianity, using fancy new terms like “panentheism” and “immanence” after studying Hindu philosophy on which such ideas are based.) These villages have been a hotbed for missionary activities for the past few centuries, and this intensified in 1914 when the first complete translation of the Bible into the Santali language was finished by a Norwegian missionary.

Clearly, the battle for fragmenting Indians has entered a new phase. “Tribal” Indians will be increasingly exploited in various ways in the guise of bringing them human rights. The media’s framing of such episodes as “secular” crimes of an isolated kind is a shallow and inadequate treatment of what is much deeper and multilayered. This issue has far reaching implications.

27 March 2015
By Rajiv Malhotra

ENTIRE U.S.A POLITICAL ESTABLISHMENT SERVING...........


Wednesday, February 24, 2016

Entire US political establishment serving Israel: Analyst



February 21, 2016

The entire political establishment in the United States has been serving Israel for decades, an American scholar and political analyst says.

Dr. Kevin Barrett of Veterans Today, editor of We Are Not Charlie Hebdo and scholar of Arabic and Islamic studies, made the remarks in an interview with Press TV on Saturday while commenting on a statement by US Republican presidential hopeful Ted Cruz, who has that if elected, he will ignore Palestinians and serve Israel.

Speaking at a town hall meeting in South Carolina on Friday night, Cruz said, “Let me tell you this: As president, I have no intention of being neutral. As president, I will be unapologetically alongside the nation of Israel.”

Cruz also condemned his Republican rival Donald Trump for saying he would remain neutral in the decades-long Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Dr. Barrett said the news “should come as no surprise, because that’s precisely what virtually the entire political establishment here in the United States has been doing for many years, even for decades.”

“But that is really not very polite, certainly not to the Palestinians, who have been suffering from this Israeli expansionism, aggression and arguably genocide for so long, all paid for by American taxpayer dollars,” he added.

“Ted Cruz like the other Republican candidates for president seems to be in a competition with the others to see who can declare the most abject fealty and utter shameless subservience to the state of Israel — a foreign entity that is not even considered legitimate by any of its neighbors or virtually any of the people in the region,” the analyst stated.

“It’s a very bizarre situation. One is really at a loss in looking at history to try to find another situation in which the leaders and the prospective leaders of a great power were falling all over themselves, declaring that they were loyal to a smaller and extremely globally unpopular power across the seas. This is completely unprecedented,” he pointed out.

“And it’s not only unprecedented, it’s embarrassing. Just as an American I cannot believe that the people of this country have allowed their leaders to be hijacked by a foreign power in this way,” Dr. Barrett observed.

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START PREPARING FOR THE COLLPSE OF THE SAUDI KINGDOM



Wednesday, February 24, 2016

Start Preparing for the Collapse of the Saudi Kingdom



February 21, 2016

Saudi Arabia is no state at all. It's an unstable business so corrupt to resemble a criminal organization and the U.S. should get ready for the day after.

For half a century, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been the linchpin of U.S. Mideast policy. A guaranteed supply of oil has bought a guaranteed supply of security. Ignoring autocratic practices and the export of Wahhabi extremism, Washington stubbornly dubs its ally “moderate.”

So tight is the trust that U.S. special operators dip into Saudi petrodollars as a counterterrorism slush fund without a second thought. In a sea of chaos, goes the refrain, the kingdom is one state that’s stable.

But is it?

In fact, Saudi Arabia is no state at all. There are two ways to describe it: as a political enterprise with a clever but ultimately unsustainable business model, or so corrupt as to resemble in its functioning a vertically and horizontally integrated criminal organization. Either way, it can’t last. It’s past time U.S.decision-makers began planning for the collapse of the Saudi kingdom.

In recent conversations with military and other government personnel, we were startled at how startled they seemed at this prospect. Here’s the analysis they should be working through.

Understood one way, the Saudi king is CEO of a family business that converts oil into payoffs that buy political loyalty. They take two forms: cash handouts or commercial concessions for the increasingly numerous scions of the royal clan, and a modicum of public goods and employment opportunities for commoners.

Riyadh on the Brink: US Must Prepare for Collapse of its Mideast ‘Lynchpin’

The United States must start thinking of ways to mitigate the damage from the approaching collapse of the current Saudi Arabian monarchy.

A codependence between the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the US has existed for decades. A scheme in which oil from the Saudis was exchanged for US military might worked well for both. It worked so well, in fact, that the US turned a blind eye to consistent human rights violations in the kingdom, as well as the spread of Wahhabi religious extremism.

Unfortunately for America, this formula has an expiration date. Several factors predetermine the collapse of the current Saudi Arabian ruling monarchy, according to Defense One.

The first is that it operates more as a “family business” than an actual state, where the king, aka the CEO, converts oil into payoffs to buy political and military loyalty. It is widely accepted that the system is corrupt and cannot endure. What happens when the price of loyalty rises and a ravenous elite doesn’t limit its appetite now that oil prices keep dropping? The monarchy will face political insolvency.

Saudi citizens have begun to show hints of discontent with the heavy-handed ruling elite, especially those members of the Shiite minority. The highly educated Sunni majority is also showing dissatisfaction with the cake crumbs it is accustomed to receiving. And Saudi officials, exploiting ‘guest workers’ who currently heavily outnumber citizens and may soon see those indentured servants begin to claim rights.

In countries such as Nigeria, Brazil or Malaysia, when people protest government corruption, heads of state resign. Saudi King Salman’s ruling methods include executing dissidents, embarking on foreign wars, and whipping up sectarian rivalries to discredit Saudi Shiite demands. These and many other social issues, including the treatment of women as second class citizens, only contribute to the disaffection.

According to Defense One, there are three ways things could play out. One is a factional struggle within the royal family when it runs out of money, resulting in a new king who either continues the old ways or attempts reform.

Another possibility is additional foreign wars, as war is a popular option among the desperate to direct attention away from themselves. One war, against Yemen, is already in progress. The monarchy has hinted that it will fight in Syria as well.

Or there could be insurrection. It’s unlikely, as the ruling party holds all the resources, but it must, nonetheless, be considered. The US must be prepared for any of these scenarios and not get caught flat-footed when its Arab lynchpin in Mideast policy comes apart.

BY SARAH CHAYES ALEX DE WAAL

Alex de Waal is the executive director of the World Peace Foundation and a research professor at Tuft University’s Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.

Sarah Chayes is senior associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law and South Asia Programs at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. She is the author of Thieves of State: Why Corruption Threatens Global Security.

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SOURCE

FUNDAMENTALS OF ECONOMICS NEGLECTED..........


Friday, February 26, 2016

Fundamentals Of Economics Neglected In Indian Education System

Ex1 – Ex2 = In1 – In2

The mathematical equation you are viewing is probably one of the most feared one in the world—so feared in fact that it led to the removal of this famous American economist Irving Fisher’s theories from economics text-books in India since liberalization. The simplicity of this equation is that it empowers people to check what is happening in their country. Science has always to be simple and a tool to enhance the knowledge of people and empower them for self-governance. Though on governmental propaganda this greatest economist was slandered and ridiculed in US, but post the US collapse he was dug out from his grave and elevated to his rightful honour in US and Europe.

In economics, inflation is a rise in the general level of prices of goods and services in an economy over a period of time. When the general price level rises, each unit of currency buys fewer goods and services. Consequently, inflation also reflects erosion in the purchasing power of money – a loss of real value in the internal medium of exchange and unit of account in the economy. A chief measure of price inflation is the inflation rate, the annualized percentage change in a general price index (normally the Consumer Price Index) over time. Inflation is classified into two parts. The relation between the inflation real interest rates and nominal interest rates (approximated to inflation) and thus the foreign exchange rates is given by the famous American economist Irving Fisher. When governments want to manipulate inflation rates first thing they do is remove Fisher and his theories from economics text-books as was done in India since liberalization.

Letting r denote the real interest rate, i denote the nominal interest rate, and let π denote the inflation rate, the Fisher equation is (π is not mathematical value here but only symbol to denote inflation):



This is a linear approximation, but as here, it is often written as an equality:

i = r + π so the inflation rate of any country is π = i + r or

Real interest Rate is r = π – i

Real Interest Rate

The “real interest rate” is the rate of interest an investor expects to receive after allowing for inflation. It can be described more formally by the Fisher equation, which states that the real interest rate is approximately the nominal interest rate minus the inflation rate. If, for example, an investor on his deposit was able to get in a 5% interest rate for the coming year and anticipated a 2% rise in prices, he would expect to earn a real interest rate of 3%.

Let us consider the Indian scenario. Banks offer 5% on savings deposits. If we assume Government figure of inflation at around 6.8% then the investor or saver will lose 1.8% of the value of his total savings every year. This is if we assume the inflation at 6.8%.

Nominal Inflation Rate

Nominal interest rate is the total interest that one gets on his savings for a period of one year before adjusting (deducting) inflation or expected inflation.



How much one wants to earn in real interest varies from country to country or within country depending on the different group that want to invest. In India according to Government 6% real interest is reasonable as that was awarded to one and all for delay in payments.

If the investment is done with one’s own funds then the real interest rate will be low. If we borrow money to invest then we have to pay borrowers also so the interest we have to earn should cover the cost of borrowing also.

If we save money in banks they pay interest for us. And banks make money by lending to investors and charging higher interest than savings thus making money to run operations.

Gross National Product GNP

First year economic students like some of those of Indian Finance Minister candidates were taught that the GNP equals the total of Public Consumption plus Investment plus Government spending (it is assumed that Investment and Government Spending also aides in creation of or demand of goods and services that are consumed by the people of the country).

GNP = C + I + G.

By the rules of mathematics, if we subtract the same amount from both sides of the equation both sides will still equal each other.

Government spending is printing notes, borrowing or raising taxes.

Printing notes will increase money supply in the economy. The extra money is borrowed by investors to produce something and sell thus generating interest to government which again will spend it on public purposes. If money is simply handed over under welfare schemes or subsidies then people demanding goods with the extra money raises prices because subsidy costs are added to product costs and thus the prices rise. In either case printing notes will lead to inflation.

Borrowing will attract interest. If the money is borrowed from domestic people from their savings then the interest accrues to domestic people. If borrowing is made from foreign sources interest is paid to foreign countries. To the extent the interest earnings are not available within a country the spending or savings component decreases within that country.

If we allow investment from foreign sources into our economy to the extent of 51% or 100% (under FDI) then 51% or 100% profits generated will get out of the country and to that extent the savings component within the country is decreased. This investment could be from either international banks like IMF, World Band or Asian Development Bank or from private investors (private equity funds, hedge funds, etc.) who will either funnel the black money from either third world or from western world. So too if government borrows from foreign institutions like IMF etc. they have to repay the loan amount and interest.

These foreign investors will take the investment and profits out of country. So, the I and G portion of the investment decreases over time reducing the domestic consumption.

The only way out of this situation is to develop domestic savings. This way money and interest stays in the country increasing I and G. That is why the fundamental concept of liberalization is to reduce interest rates and take over banking and insurance so that money is given at no interest to foreign investors.

Raising taxes is equivalent to reducing savings in the hands of people and equivalent to cutting wages or raising prices thus leading to inflation or low purchasing power.

Dr Michael Hudson, an economist states, cutting wages by 30% is most likely equivalent to raising 30% prices of goods like oil, clothes, food and consumer goods and is equivalent to increasing taxes by 30%. All these measures will reduce the money in the hands of people to spend on their essentials. The same impact exists with a 30% raise in nominal inflation rate as this makes the purchasing power less by 30% as the currency looses value by 30%.

Gross Domestic Product GDP

Our next equation starts with the definition of GDP or Gross Domestic Product. As stated earlier GNP is the total of goods and services consumed. If we subtract Imports M and add Exports X, we get GDP or Gross Domestic Product which tells us how much we are actually producing rather than consuming. That is written as

GDP = GNP + X – M

The cost of production GDP will include the factor of both nominal and real inflation. How much monetized inputs are needed to produce x amount of GDP at the beginning and end of the year will give the rate of inflation.

As exports and imports are part of the GDP the overall price raise or inflation will affect either buying or selling international currencies and thus the inflation directly affect the exchange rates. Fisher is the first economist to realize this relation and gave a mathematical character to that, which was hated by every government that wanted to manipulate inflation figures.

Exchange Rates: The Relationship Between Interest Rates, Inflation And Exchange Rates

Fisher’s theory of the price level was the following variant of the quantity theory of money. Let M=stock of money, P=price level, T=amount of transactions carried out using money, and V= the velocity of circulation of money. Fisher then proposed that these variables are interrelated by the Equation of exchange:

MV = PT

Later economists replaced the amorphous T with real output Y or “Q”, usually quantified by real GDP. This is also a mathematical relation. If stock of money M is increased (by printing notes, borrowing from either domestic or foreign institutions) the V though constant the total increases exponentially. The other side of equation P (price level) and T (transaction volume) will increase.

Governments usually try to control money supply by either not printing notes or not borrowing or by increasing interest rates so that investors will not borrow. This is called Monetary Policy. Borrowing money from domestic or foreign sources is called Debt Financing. Borrowing from external sources always reduces money supply in the economy in future as the borrowings carry interest. If it is from foreign sources they have to be paid back and to that extent the M component will decrease. If money is not repaid then the foreign institutions take a pledge/mortgage of natural, precious resources which reduces the total production in the country for the purpose of domestic population. Balancing these considerations is called Fiscal Policy or Public Financing.

The relation between interest rates and exchange rates was simplified by Fisher in his famous linear relation (equation) named as Fisher Economic Separation Equation as follows.

Simply stated it theorizes the Inflation Differential between two countries of trade and is exactly equal to exchange rate differential.

Ex 1 – Ex 2 = In 1 – In 2

Where

Ex 1 is exchange rate of host country (in the above example dollar)

Ex 2 is exchange rate of target country (in the above example rupee)

In 1 is inflation rate of host country (in the above example dollar country)

In 2 is inflation rate of target country (in the above example rupee country)

If 1 dollar is exchanged for 1 rupee then

1 – 1 = 0 (there is zero inflation in both countries)

If 1 dollar is exchanged for 2 rupees then (assuming dollar inflation is 0)

1 – 2 = 0 – x then – 1 = – x or inflation differential x = 1 or 100%

The simplicity of this equation is that it empowers people to check what is happening in their country. Science has always to be simple and a tool to enhance the knowledge of people and empower them for self-governance. Though on governmental propaganda this greatest economist was slandered and ridiculed in US, but post the US collapse he was dug out from his grave and elevated to his rightful honour in US and Europe.

Now We Do The Math

If Government of India says Food Inflation is 10%, how to check whether this is correct? Lets assume exchange rate of dollar to rupee is $1 = Rs53. US inflation is always (for the last 50 years 3%). Fill the equation.

1 – 53 = 3 – x here x is Indian inflation. So 1 – 53 – 3 = – x or 1 – 56 = – x or x = 55 or 55%. This means either Government of India is lying or US government is lying. Or the exchange rate is not correctly reflecting the actual real exchange rate.

Let us assume that our Finance Minister is an honest man and true about the domestic inflation. Then the exchange rate between US and India should be

1 – x = 3 – 10, here x is Indian exchange of rupees for $1. (3 and 10 are US and Indian inflation rates respectively)

-x = 3 – 10 – 1 or – x = 3 – 11 or – x = – 8 or x = 8. So, the Dollar-Rupee exchange rate is per 1 $ = Rs 8.

So again if the Indian Finance Minister is right then the US is lying about their inflation. This is most likely the scenario. Post the 2008 slide in US economy, the shrinkage of economic activity in US and job losses took heavy toll on their economy thus their inflation must be all time high. In order to maintain their lifestyle they are forcing India to loose. This is clear as dollar is sliding against every major currency but only gains against Indian rupee.

Debt-Deflation

Following the stock market crash of 1929 and the ensuing Great Depression, Fisher developed a theory of economic crisis called debt-deflation, which attributed crisis to the bursting of a credit bubble.

Mainstream economists (or non-economists) did not accepted credit bubble until 2008.

Within economics, economic bubbles are generally considered to have a negative impact on the economy because they tend to cause misallocation of resources into non-optimal uses; this forms the basis of Austrian Business Cycle theory.

The Austrian Business Cycle Theory (or ABCT) attempts to explain business cycles through a set of ideas held by the heterodox Austrian School of economics. The theory views business cycles as the inevitable consequence of excessive growth in credit in general or bank credit in particular, exacerbated by inherently damaging and ineffective central bank policies, which cause interest rates to remain too low for too long, resulting in excessive credit creation, speculative economic bubbles and lowered savings.

The best example is the collapse of the US and European economies in 2008, after 30 years of low interest rates and rapid credit expansion and no savings in economies. India is following on this path since 2000 liberalization and privatization with imminent collapse.

Proponents believe that a sustained period of low interest rates and excessive credit creation results in a volatile and unstable imbalance between saving and investment. According to the theory, the business cycle unfolds in the following way:

-Low interest rates tend to stimulate borrowing from the banking system.

-This expansion of credit causes an expansion of the supply of money, through the money creation process in a fractional reserve banking

-It is asserted that this leads to an unsustainable credit-sourced boom during which the artificially stimulated borrowing seeks out diminishing investment opportunities.

-Proponents hold that a credit-sourced boom results in widespread mal-investments. (In India the expansion of luxury cars with no road infrastructure is best example).

-In the theory, a correction or “credit crunch” – commonly called a “recession” or “bust” – occurs when exponential credit creation cannot be sustained.

-Then the money supply suddenly and sharply contracts when markets finally “clear”, causing resources to be reallocated back towards more efficient uses.

Though mainstream economists rejected this theory to more complicated econometric models that often confuse and allows governments to manipulate and borrow while artificially keeping inflation low; today in the world after 2008 crash of all US European markets and worldwide collapse this Fisher theory is revived except in India where we started discarding Fisher principles and adapting mainstream US economist theories for our own destruction.

In India today we are seeing this exact scenario that occurred in USA and Europe which will result in the same destruction in near future if we do not do corrective measures. At least US and Europe have Indian, African, Middle Eastern resources to plunder and loot but where do we turn to?

According to the debt deflation theory, below are the sequence of events of the debt bubble burst:

DOOMSDAY RXRRCISE NASA & FEMA ..............


Doomsday Exercise: NASA & FEMA Participate in Planetary Protection Drill — “4 Years from Now a Massive Asteriod Will Hit Earth” Scenario 


(g.p.j.''
(g.p.j.'';;.j.)


  • Published on Nov 15, 2016
    The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and NASA held an exercise to help prepare them for the possibility of an asteroid colliding with Earth. Scientists at NASA say it is not a question of ‘if’ we will deal with this situation at some point, but ‘when.’ RT America’s Brigida Santos has the report.
  • Revelation 8:8-11 New King James Version (NKJV)
    Second Trumpet: The Seas Struck
    8 Then the second angel sounded: And something like a great mountain burning with fire was thrown into the sea, and a third of the sea became blood. 9 And a third of the living creatures in the sea died, and a third of the ships were destroyed.
    Third Trumpet: The Waters Struck
    10 Then the third angel sounded: And a great star fell from heaven, burning like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water. 11 The name of the star is Wormwood. A third of the waters became wormwood, and many men died from the water, because it was made bitter.

Trump and International Security  

foxnews-trump_questions_need_for_nato
  • Trump and International Security
    by Richard Kemp, https://www.gatestoneinstitute.org/
    * It is the EU, not Donald Trump, that threatens to undermine NATO and the security of the West. An EU defence union will present a direct threat to NATO, competing for funds, building in duplication and confusion, and setting up rival military structures.


    * “You can’t say the past doesn’t matter, the values we share don’t matter, but instead try to get as much money out of NATO as possible and whether I can get a good deal out of it.” — German Defence Minister Ursula von der Leyen.

    * This is breath-taking hypocrisy from the defence minister of Germany, which spends less than 1.2% of GDP on defence against an agreed NATO minimumtarget of 2%, while freeloading off the America’s 73% contribution to NATO’s overall defence spending.

    * European leaders would do well to recognize that they need the US more than the US needs them, and that real, concrete, committed defence from the world’s greatest military power is more beneficial to them than a fantasy army that will have plenty of flags, headquarters and generals but no teeth.

    * Trump should also prioritize both practical and moral support to anti-Islamist regimes in the Middle East, such as Sisi’s Egypt.

    * Rather than spreading fear and false propaganda about Donald Trump, they should be praying that he will provide the strength that is so desperately needed today, and working out how best they can support rather than attack him.  

  • Since Donald Trump's election, media-fuelled panic has engulfed Europe, including over defence and security. We are told that World War III is imminent, that Trump will jump into bed with Putin and pull the US out of NATO. Such fantasies are put about by media cheerleaders for European political elites, terrified that Trump's election will inspire support for populist candidates in the forthcoming elections in Germany, the Netherlands and France.
    In fact, it is the EU, not Donald Trump, that threatens to undermine NATO and the security of the West. In recent days, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, his foreign policy chief, Federica Mogherini, and German Defence Minister Ursula von der Leyen have suggested that Trump's election should give greater impetus to a European defence force.
    This has been an EU aspiration for many years. Citing Trump is just a cynical pretext for speeding it up. It is already well advanced and has gained greater focus since the UK's decision to leave the EU. The EU army is a vanity project, seen by many European leaders as a necessary instrument of the ever-closer union they desire. Speaking at a meeting of the European Defence Agency in Brussels the day after Trump's election, Ms Mogherini suggested that the EU needs "the full potential of a super power, in the field of defence and security."
    To the economically atrophied EU, a defence union also has the potential for enormous financial savings. The intention will be to aggregate national military capabilities under what will no doubt be described as rationalization and efficiency. This will bring swingeing cuts to European defence capability. It will also severely reduce flexibility and the redundancy which is so vital to military forces that have any expectation of combat in which attrition and multiple simultaneous threats might occur.
    The byzantine EU bureaucracy, combined with timidity in so many European nations, will ensure its army could never be deployed in anger. An EU defence union will also present a direct threat to NATO, competing for funds, building in duplication and confusion, and setting up rival military structures. In her speech, Ms Mogherini even spelt out the need for a single EU headquarters for military missions, which she likened to SHAPE, the NATO command centre.
    The German defence minister told reporters on the day Trump was elected that he must treat NATO as an alliance of shared values rather than a business. She said: "You can't say the past doesn't matter, the values we share don't matter, but instead try to get as much money out of NATO as possible and whether I can get a good deal out of it."
    This is breath-taking hypocrisy from the defence minister of a nation that spends less than 1.2% of GDP on defence against an agreed NATO minimum target of 2%, while freeloading off the United States's 73% contribution to NATO's overall defence spending. How much are "the values we share" worth to her country?
    Britain is one of the few European countries that achieve even the minimum 2%, with some spending only half that. This is what Trump was talking about when he said European nations need to pull their weight. Contrary to political and media spin, he has not threatened to take the US out of NATO nor, apparently, will he do so -- unless forced into it by the EU's drive to become a super-state with its own army. European leaders would do well to recognize that they need the US more than the US needs them, and that real, concrete, committed defence from the world's greatest military power is more beneficial to them than a fantasy army that will have plenty of flags, headquarters and generals but no teeth.
    In his insistence that the Europeans contribute more, Trump will have a fight on his hands because they have no intention of doing so. Neither do most European governments have any intention of the serious use of military force ever again. Britain may still be an exception to this, and France less so. Britain's bilateral defence and intelligence ties with the US are already far closer than any other European state. The UK should now be looking at strengthening these even further, and drawing yet closer to the US in the face of the military impotence that would accompany an EU defence union.
    The European media have also made hay with Trump's non-confrontational approach towards President Putin, spreading fears that this too will undermine international security. This is nonsense. He may find more effective ways to accommodate the Russian president than his predecessor, including resisting provocative and misjudged European Union expansion eastwards, but he is not the sort of man to appease the likes of Putin.
    Trump will also make a stronger stand against other threats to the US and the West than Obama has, and it is vital that he does so. He described Obama's nuclear agreement with Iran as "the worst deal ever negotiated" and has vowed to counteract Iran's violations, if necessary hitting them with tough new sanctions and perhaps tearing up the deal altogether.
    Tellingly, since the announcement of Trump's victory, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif has already shown how much this worries him. Expect to see Iran's anti-American provocations curtailed when Trump becomes president. A stronger US stance is urgently hoped for by troubled US allies in the Middle East, including Israel, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and the Gulf states, all of which fear growing Iranian aggression throughout the region.
    There is a conflict between the necessary hard-line approach against Iran and greater cooperation with Russia. US President Barack Obama, in his desperation to achieve and sustain his legacy nuclear deal, prostrated himself to the ayatollahs and left a power vacuum across the Middle East. Both Iran and Russia seized on his pusillanimity. Re-asserting American influence in the region will be one of Trump's greatest challenges.
    A priority is to hammer the Islamic State and their jihadist bedfellows wherever they raise their heads. Trump must, in his words, "hit them so hard your head would spin." He should also prioritize both practical and moral support to anti-Islamist regimes in the Middle East, such as Sisi's Egypt.
    He needs to do the same at home as well, strongly countering the spreading and corrosive Islamic radicalization in the US. He has said he will crack down on domestic supporters of the Islamic State, shutting radical mosques and revoking the passports of US citizens who travel to fight with them. Not only would this enhance homeland security, it would also help undermine IS's global appeal, especially if European countries followed his lead.
    Time and again, history has shown that only strong leaders, not appeasers, can maintain peace and security. It was the strength of Ronald Reagan with Margaret Thatcher at his shoulder that brought about the collapse of the Soviet Union, which had threatened and attacked Western democracies across the globe for decades.
    (Image source: Twitter/Donald Trump)
    European leaders need to recognize this too. Rather than spreading fear and false propaganda about Donald Trump, they should be praying that he will provide the strength that is so desperately needed today, and working out how best they can support rather than attack him.
    Colonel Richard Kemp was Commander of British Forces in Afghanistan. He served in Iraq, Saudi Arabia, the Balkans and Northern Ireland and was head of the international terrorism team for the UK Joint Intelligence Committee.
    Since Donald Trump's election, media-fuelled panic has engulfed Europe, including over defence and security. We are told that World War III is imminent, that Trump will jump into bed with Putin and pull the US out of NATO. Such fantasies are put about by media cheerleaders for European political elites, terrified that Trump's election will inspire support for populist candidates in the forthcoming elections in Germany, the Netherlands and France.
    In fact, it is the EU, not Donald Trump, that threatens to undermine NATO and the security of the West. In recent days, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, his foreign policy chief, Federica Mogherini, and German Defence Minister Ursula von der Leyen have suggested that Trump's election should give greater impetus to a European defence force.
    This has been an EU aspiration for many years. Citing Trump is just a cynical pretext for speeding it up. It is already well advanced and has gained greater focus since the UK's decision to leave the EU. The EU army is a vanity project, seen by many European leaders as a necessary instrument of the ever-closer union they desire. Speaking at a meeting of the European Defence Agency in Brussels the day after Trump's election, Ms Mogherini suggested that the EU needs "the full potential of a super power, in the field of defence and security."
    To the economically atrophied EU, a defence union also has the potential for enormous financial savings. The intention will be to aggregate national military capabilities under what will no doubt be described as rationalization and efficiency. This will bring swingeing cuts to European defence capability. It will also severely reduce flexibility and the redundancy which is so vital to military forces that have any expectation of combat in which attrition and multiple simultaneous threats might occur.
    The byzantine EU bureaucracy, combined with timidity in so many European nations, will ensure its army could never be deployed in anger. An EU defence union will also present a direct threat to NATO, competing for funds, building in duplication and confusion, and setting up rival military structures. In her speech, Ms Mogherini even spelt out the need for a single EU headquarters for military missions, which she likened to SHAPE, the NATO command centre.
    The German defence minister told reporters on the day Trump was elected that he must treat NATO as an alliance of shared values rather than a business. She said: "You can't say the past doesn't matter, the values we share don't matter, but instead try to get as much money out of NATO as possible and whether I can get a good deal out of it."
    This is breath-taking hypocrisy from the defence minister of a nation that spends less than 1.2% of GDP on defence against an agreed NATO minimum target of 2%, while freeloading off the United States's 73% contribution to NATO's overall defence spending. How much are "the values we share" worth to her country?
    Britain is one of the few European countries that achieve even the minimum 2%, with some spending only half that. This is what Trump was talking about when he said European nations need to pull their weight. Contrary to political and media spin, he has not threatened to take the US out of NATO nor, apparently, will he do so -- unless forced into it by the EU's drive to become a super-state with its own army. European leaders would do well to recognize that they need the US more than the US needs them, and that real, concrete, committed defence from the world's greatest military power is more beneficial to them than a fantasy army that will have plenty of flags, headquarters and generals but no teeth.
    In his insistence that the Europeans contribute more, Trump will have a fight on his hands because they have no intention of doing so. Neither do most European governments have any intention of the serious use of military force ever again. Britain may still be an exception to this, and France less so. Britain's bilateral defence and intelligence ties with the US are already far closer than any other European state. The UK should now be looking at strengthening these even further, and drawing yet closer to the US in the face of the military impotence that would accompany an EU defence union.
    The European media have also made hay with Trump's non-confrontational approach towards President Putin, spreading fears that this too will undermine international security. This is nonsense. He may find more effective ways to accommodate the Russian president than his predecessor, including resisting provocative and misjudged European Union expansion eastwards, but he is not the sort of man to appease the likes of Putin.
    Trump will also make a stronger stand against other threats to the US and the West than Obama has, and it is vital that he does so. He described Obama's nuclear agreement with Iran as "the worst deal ever negotiated" and has vowed to counteract Iran's violations, if necessary hitting them with tough new sanctions and perhaps tearing up the deal altogether.
    Tellingly, since the announcement of Trump's victory, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif has already shown how much this worries him. Expect to see Iran's anti-American provocations curtailed when Trump becomes president. A stronger US stance is urgently hoped for by troubled US allies in the Middle East, including Israel, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and the Gulf states, all of which fear growing Iranian aggression throughout the region.
    There is a conflict between the necessary hard-line approach against Iran and greater cooperation with Russia. US President Barack Obama, in his desperation to achieve and sustain his legacy nuclear deal, prostrated himself to the ayatollahs and left a power vacuum across the Middle East. Both Iran and Russia seized on his pusillanimity. Re-asserting American influence in the region will be one of Trump's greatest challenges.
    A priority is to hammer the Islamic State and their jihadist bedfellows wherever they raise their heads. Trump must, in his words, "hit them so hard your head would spin." He should also prioritize both practical and moral support to anti-Islamist regimes in the Middle East, such as Sisi's Egypt.
    He needs to do the same at home as well, strongly countering the spreading and corrosive Islamic radicalization in the US. He has said he will crack down on domestic supporters of the Islamic State, shutting radical mosques and revoking the passports of US citizens who travel to fight with them. Not only would this enhance homeland security, it would also help undermine IS's global appeal, especially if European countries followed his lead.
    Time and again, history has shown that only strong leaders, not appeasers, can maintain peace and security. It was the strength of Ronald Reagan with Margaret Thatcher at his shoulder that brought about the collapse of the Soviet Union, which had threatened and attacked Western democracies across the globe for decades.
    (Image source: Twitter/Donald Trump)
    European leaders need to recognize this too. Rather than spreading fear and false propaganda about Donald Trump, they should be praying that he will provide the strength that is so desperately needed today, and working out how best they can support rather than attack him.
    Colonel Richard Kemp was Commander of British Forces in Afghanistan. He served in Iraq, Saudi Arabia, the Balkans and Northern Ireland and was head of the international terrorism team for the UK Joint Intelligence Committee.